Largest & Longest Dam in India | List of Dams in India

Largest & Longest Dam in India | List of Dams in India


  1. A dam is a human-made barrier that blocks the flow of water and results in the creation of a reservoir. Dams are mainly constructed to generate power using water. This form of energy produced is known as hydroelectric power.
  2. India, the land of rivers has massive potential for construction of huge dams, owing to the geographical features. In the north lies the Himalayan Mountain ranges, in central India lies the Plateaus, whereas along with southern India, Western and Eastern Ghats cover along the ocean borders of the country. 
  3. Since independence, India has made a huge advancement in dams and of construction water reservoirs, Today India is one of the world’s most creative dam-builders. There are around 4300 huge dams already existing, almost half of which are more than twenty years old. These dams are a significant attraction of tourists from all over India.

 Essential features of the dams

  1. They provide adequate water for domestic, industry and irrigation purposes.
  2. They are used in Hydroelectric power production and river navigation.
  3.  Dam Reservoirs are used for fishing and touring purpose, thus contributing towards livelihood to many.
  4.  They are useful to regulate the flow of the river, thus helping in preventing floods.

Facts about the Indian dams

  1. Tehri Dam is the eighth biggest dam in the world.
  2. Idukki dam is the first Indian arch dam built over the Periyar river in Kerala and the largest arch dam in Asia.
  3. Grand Anicut or Kallanai, located on Holy Cauvery River situated in Tamil Nadu, is the oldest dam in India.
  4. Indira Sagar Dam has the Largest Reservoir in India accompanied by Nagarjunasagar and Gobind Sagar reservoir.

Below is the list of some of the important Dams in India

Important Dams in India
Highest Dam in IndiaTehri Dam (Uttarakhand)Height: 260 meters Length: 575 meters River: Bhagirathi River Location: Uttarakhand Year of completion:2006 (1st phase)
Longest Dam in IndiaHirakud Dam (Odisha)Total Length: 25.79 km Length of Main Dam:4.8 km River: Mahanadi Location: Odisha Year of completion:1953
Oldest Dam in IndiaKallanai Dam(Tamil Nadu)River: Kaveri Location: Tamil Nadu Year of completion: 100 BC –100 AD

Complete list of the Dams in India

List of Major Dams India

TelanganaManjira River
Andhra PradeshPennar River
Andhra PradeshKrishna River
TelanganaManjira River
GujaratTapti River
GujaratSabarmati River
GujaratMahi River
GujaratBanas River
Himachal PradeshBeas River
Himachal Pradesh and Punjab BorderSutlej River
Himachal PradeshSatluj River
Himachal PradeshRavi River
Jammu and KashmirChenab River
Jammu and KashmirIndus River
Jammu and KashmirJhelum River
JharkhandBarakar River
JharkhandSwarnarekha River
JharkhandDamodar River
KarnatakaTungabhadra River
KarnatakaSharavathi River
KarnatakaKalinadi River
KarnatakaKrishna River
KarnatakaKalinadi or Kali river
KarnatakaKaveri River
KarnatakaHarangi River
KarnatakaKrishna River
KarnatakaKali River
KeralaMalampuzha River
KeralaManali River
KeralaPeriyar River
KeralaKundala Lake
KeralaParambikulam River
KeralaWalayar River
KeralaPeriyar River
KeralaNeyyar River
Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh BorderBetwa River
Madhya PradeshBarna River
Madhya PradeshNarmada River
Madhya PradeshSone River
Madhya PradeshChambal River
MaharashtraPurna river
MaharashtraBhima River
MaharashtraMaval River
MaharashtraMula River
MaharashtraKoyna River
MaharashtraGodavari River
MaharashtraBhatsa river
MaharashtraPravara River
MaharashtraTansa river
MaharashtraAmbi River
MaharashtraMula river
MaharashtraVashishti River
MaharashtraGirana river
MaharashtraVaitarna river
TelanganaBhogawati River
TelanganaManair River
TelanganaManair River and SRSP Flood Flow Canal
TelanganaManair River and Kudlair River
MaharashtraMutha River
MaharashtraGodavari river
Andhra Pradesh and Odisha BorderMachkund River
OdishaIndravati River
OdishaMahanadi River
Tamil NaduVaigai River
Tamil NaduParalayar River
Tamil NaduKaveri River
Uttar PradeshRihand River
UttarakhandBhagirathi River
UttarakhandDhauli Ganga River

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