Largest & Longest Dam in India | List of Dams in India
A dam is a human-made barrier that blocks the flow of water and results in the creation of a reservoir. Dams are mainly constructed to generate power using water. This form of energy produced is known as hydroelectric power.
India, the land of rivers has massive potential for construction of huge dams, owing to the geographical features. In the north lies the Himalayan Mountain ranges, in central India lies the Plateaus, whereas along with southern India, Western and Eastern Ghats cover along the ocean borders of the country.
Since independence, India has made a huge advancement in dams and of construction water reservoirs, Today India is one of the world’s most creative dam-builders. There are around 4300 huge dams already existing, almost half of which are more than twenty years old. These dams are a significant attraction of tourists from all over India.
Essential features of the dams.
They provide adequate water for domestic, industry and irrigation purposes.
They are used in Hydroelectric power production and river navigation.
Dam Reservoirs are used for fishing and touring purpose, thus contributing towards livelihood to many.
They are useful to regulate the flow of the river, thus helping in preventing floods.
Facts about the Indian dams
Tehri Dam is the eighth biggest dam in the world.
Idukki dam is the first Indian arch dam built over the Periyar river in Kerala and the largest arch dam in Asia.
Grand Anicut or Kallanai, located on Holy Cauvery River situated in Tamil Nadu, is the oldest dam in India.
Indira Sagar Dam has the Largest Reservoir in India accompanied by Nagarjunasagar and Gobind Sagar reservoir.
Below is the list of some of the important Dams in India
Important Dams in India
Highest Dam in India
Tehri Dam (Uttarakhand)
Height: 260 meters Length: 575 meters River: Bhagirathi River Location: Uttarakhand Year of completion:2006 (1st phase)
Longest Dam in India
Hirakud Dam (Odisha)
Total Length: 25.79 km Length of Main Dam:4.8 km River: Mahanadi Location: Odisha Year of completion:1953
Oldest Dam in India
Kallanai Dam(Tamil Nadu)
River: Kaveri Location: Tamil Nadu Year of completion: 100 BC –100 AD
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