Several space agencies have been working for the advancement of technologies all over the world. They have themselves fabricated and designed a variety of machines or space engines to understand the features of space and different planets, especially our own planet Earth. These space engines help in tendering our Earth in a better way. Government agencies are engaged in ventures related to external space and space exploration. The space agencies design them in a way that it is capable of computing, recognizing and figuring out the principal topographical or physical features of space and space researches related to Earth and other planets as well. The most famous space agency known till now is NASA, ISRO, etc.
List of Space agencies across the world
|Country or Region||Agency||Abbreviation|
|United States||National Aeronautics and Space Administration||NASA|
|Russia||Russian Federal Space Agency||RFSA|
|Russia||Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities||Roscosmos|
|Europe||European Space Agency||ESA|
|Japan||Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency||JAXA|
|France||Centre national d’études spatiales (National Centre for Space Studies||CNES|
|Germany||Deutsches Zentrum für Luftund Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center)||DLR|
|Italy||Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (Italian Space Agency)||ASI|
|China||China National Space Administration||CNSA|
|India||Indian Space Research Organisation||ISRO|
|Canada||Canadian Space Agency||CSA|
|United Kingdom||UK Space Agency||UKSA|
|South Korea||Korea Aerospace Research Institute||KARI|
|Algeria||Algerian Space Agency||ASA|
|Ukraine||State Space Agency of Ukraine||SSAU|
|Argentina||Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales||CoNAE|
|Iran||Iranian Space Agency and Iranian Space Research Center||ISA and ISRC|
|Spain||Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacia||lINTA|
|Netherlands||Netherlands Space Office||NSO|
|Sweden||Swedish National Space Board||SNSB|
|Brazil||Agência Espacial Brasileira (Brazilian Space Agency)||AEB|
|Pakistan||Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission||SUPARCO|
|South Africa||South African National Space Agency||SANSA|
|Switzerland||Swiss Space Office||SSO|
|Mexico||Agencia Espacial Mexicana (Mexican Space Agency)||AEM|
|Belarus||Belarus Space Agency||BSA|
|Costa Rica||Asociación Centroamericana de Aeronáutica yel Espacio (Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space)||ACAE|
|International||Asia Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum||APRSAF|
|Bahrain||Bahrain’s National Space Science Agency||NSSA|
|Venezuela||Agencia Bolivariana para Actividades Espaciales Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum||ABAE|
|Colombia||Comisión Colombiana del Espacio (Colombian Space Commission)||CCE|
|Singapore||Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing||CRISP|
|Poland||Polska Agencja Kosmiczna (Polish Space Agency)||POLSA|
|United Nations||United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs||UNOOSA|
Functions of Space Agencies
The national target of space agencies is to obtain benefits particularly connected with space activities. And to reach the target, it requires to overcome the challenges like:
- Space puts high demands in terms of technology, science, management.
- National capabilities in these areas need to be mobilised and developed.
- Useful inclusion of national capacities into international cooperation.
- Agencies should evaluate how far to expand the original scope of topics, i.e. how far they should be involved in security, telecom, meteorology, Earth observation services, etc.
Space agencies are mainly responsible for handling edge-cutting “R&D” programmes (typically inspection, scientific research in space, human-made spaceflight) as a mandatory condition to certify the future space-ensued welfare to natives. On the other hand, agencies brace an attempt of governmental users to erect, to employ and to use advanced space-oriented systems and services but not financial or decisional management.
National public finances are to be used efficiently and for national interests. It results in the creation of a national central body dedicated to space activities. Although both types of agencies have the same main target, federal agencies are not the same. They differ in size, span of actions, legal esteem, liabilities and financing model.
Another same function of the space agencies is to make it sure that through a national agency, the country rebukes with a sole voice in all international forum which is sponsored by single universal budget for all space activities. The ultimate success in sticking out to the target does not rely on the name “agency” instead of on the internal quality of job and external conditions namely- getting accepted and respected across the governmental level, having an exact specification of goals, i.e. national policy. The federal space agency is a valuable national asset if it operates well as a part of overall national infrastructure for innovation.