Scholars or teachers having an immense deal of knowledge in mathematics and astronomy are known as” Mathematicians”.
Since many years we have been knowing about many of them who have shocked people with their extraordinary brain and mind facts. From creating the concept of zero to measuring the accurate days in a year, mathematicians in India have been debating the norms as well as a thirst for knowledge.
Some Indian mathematicians of India, known by their discoveries are:
Aryabhata was born in 476 CE in Pataliputra (presently known as Patna), Bihar. He is famous for discovering and proving the concepts of the lunar eclipse and solar eclipse, rotation of Earth on its axis, the reflection of light by moon, the value of pi correct to 4 decimal places, the circumference of Earth to 99.8 per cent accuracy. His works include the famous ‘Aryabhatiya’. He wrote it when he was just 23 years old. He influenced other future mathematicians and thinkers as well -like Lalla, Bhaskara I, Brahmagupta, Varahamihira.
Brahmagupta was born in 598 CE in Ujjain. His fields include mathematics and astronomy. He was the first one to give rules for computation of zero. He wrote the book ‘Brahmasphutasiddhanta’. He was known for “zero’, “modern number system”, Brahmagupta’s theorem, etc. He died in 668 CE.
Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan well known Indian mathematician was born on 22nd December 1887 in Tamil Nadu, India. He is known for Landau-Ramanujan constant, Mock theta functions, etc. He won the “Fellow of the Royal Society” award.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, the father of statistics, was born on 29th June 1893 in Kolkata, West Bengal. He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure, and for being one of the members of the first Planning Commission of free India. He was awarded “Padma Vibhushan” by the Government of India in 1968. He died in the year 1972.
Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao (C R Rao) was born on 10th September 1920 in Mysore. He studied at Andhra University. He is now an American citizen. His fields of learning include mathematics and statistics. He is known for Rao-Blackwell theorem.
D. R. Kaprekar
Dattatreya Ramchandra Kaprekar was born on 17th January 1905 in Dahanu, Maharashtra. He was an Indian recreational mathematician who discovered theKaprekar’s constant.
Harish Chandra, an Indian American mathematician and physicist, was born on 11th October 1923 in Kanpur. He is known for his character formula, homomorphism, isomorphism, regularity theorem, etc. He was awarded the “Srinivasa Ramanujan Medal” by Government and died in the year 1983.
Satyendra Nath Bose, the famous Indian mathematician and physicist, was born on 1st January 1894 in Kolkata, India. He is specialised in theoretical physics and became famous for his work on quantum mechanics in 1920s. He developed the theory of Bose-Einstein condensate. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushanaward in 1954 by Government of India. He had interests in a variety of fields like physics, chemistry, mineralogy, biology and many more. He died in 1974.
Bhaskara an Indian mathematician, as well as an astronomer, was born in 1114 in Bijapur, Karnataka. Heis called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. His famous work is “Siddhanta Shiromani” (Crown of Treatises). It deals with topics such as arithmetic, algebra, the mathematics of the planets, and spheres. He also wrote one more treatise, “Karana Kautuhala”.His work on calculus backs Newton and Leibniz.
Narendra Krishna Karmarkar was born in 1957 in Gwalior. He is an Indian mathematician who received his Electrical Engineering degree in 1978 from IIT-Bombay. He did his PhD in computer science. He is well known for Karmarkar’s algorithm, which is based on the method of solving any problem by cutting through the solids transversally.