List of All National and State political parties of India

List of All National and State political parties of India

India has a multi-party structure with acceptance granted to national, state, and district level parties. The Election Commission of India (ECI) reviews the rank/position periodically.

Other political parties that are run to contest the local, state, or national elections need to register themselves by the Election Commission of India specifically.

Political Parties can be either a national level or state level parties based on objective criteria.

  1. A recognized party adores privileges like-a reserved party symbol,
  2. free transmission time on state-run television or radio,
  3. a negotiation in updating election dates and giving advice in setting electoral rules and regulations.

Moreover, national and state parties need to fulfill these conditions for all Lok Sabha or State elections; otherwise, they lose their status.

All recognized registered parties contesting elections are required to choose a symbol from the available list of symbols assigned by the EC.

Each of the 28 states of India along with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, National Capital Territory of Delhi, and Puducherry consist of elected governments until President’s rule is imposed under certain specific situations.

National political party

A reported party has to fulfill any one of the two conditions before it declares itself as a national party:

  1. A party must win two percent of the seats in the Lok sabha from a minimum of three different states.
  2. The party gains 6 percent of votes in any four or more states at a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, and additionally, it must win four Lok Sabha seats.

List of the national political parties:

S.I. No.NameAbbreviationFoundation yearFounder/s of the party
1All India Trinamool CongressAITC1998Mamata Banerjee
2Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP1984Kanshi Ram
3Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP1980Syama Prasad Mukherjee (Bharatiya Jana Sangh)
4Communist Party of IndiaCPI1925Abani Mukherji
5Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)1964P. Sundarayya
6Indian National CongressINC1885Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji
7Nationalist Congress PartyNCP1999Sharad Pawar
8National People’s PartyNPP2013P. A. Sangma

  State political party

A party has to cope up with any of the stated conditions in order to get recognized as a state party:

  1. A party must acquire at least 6 percent of valid votes polled in an election and wins a minimum of 2 seats in a state assembly and one seat in Lok Sabha.
  2. A party shall win at least three percent of the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  3. A party must win a minimum one seat in the Lok Sabha out of 25 seats or any fraction of it given and reserved to that State.
  4. According to the liberalized criteria, it should be eligible to get recognized as a state party provided it secures 8 percent or more out of the total valid votes polled in the State.

List of recognized state political parties:

S.I. No.NameAbbreviationYear of FoundationThe current leader of the Recognised State party
1Aam Aadmi PartyAAP2012Arvind Kejriwal
2All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1972Edappadi K. Palaniswami
3All India Forward BlocAIFB1939Debabrata Biswas
4All India Majlis e Ittehadul MuslimeenAIMIM1927Asaduddin Owaisi
5All India N.R. CongressAINRC2011N. Rangaswamy
6All India United Democratic FrontAIUDF2004Badruddin Ajmal
7All Jharkhand Students UnionAJSU1986Sudesh Mahto
8Asom Gana ParishadAGP1985Atul Bora
9Biju Janata DalBJD1997Naveen Patnaik
10Bodoland People’s FrontBPF1985Hagrama Mohilary
11Desiya Murpokku Dravida KazhagamDMDK2005Vijayakanth
12Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK1949M. K. Stalin
13Goa Forward PartyGFP2016Vijai Sardesai
14Hill State People’s Democratic PartyHSPDP1968Hopingstone Lyngdoh
15Indian National Lok DalINLD1999Om Prakash Chautala
16Indian Union Muslim LeagueIUML1948Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal
17Indigenous People’s Front of TripuraIPFT2009Mevar Kumar
18Jammu and Kashmir National ConferenceJKNC1932Omar Abdullah
19Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers PartyJKNPP1982Bhim Singh
20Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic PartyJKPDP1998Mehbooba Mufti
21Janta Congress ChhattisgarhJCC2016Ajit Jogi
22Janata Dal (United)JD(U)1999Nitish Kumar
23Jannayak Janta PartyJJP2018Dushyant Chautala
24Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM1972Shibu Soren
25Kerala Congress (M)KC(M)1979C. F. Thomas
26Lok Janshakti PartyLJP2000Ram Vilas Paswan
27Maharashtra Navnirman SenaMNS2006Raj Thackeray
28Mizoram People’s ConferenceMPC1972Lalhmingthanga
29Naga People’s FrontNPF2002T. R. Zeliang
30People’s Democratic AlliancePDA2012Bd. Behring Anal
31Rashtriya Janata DalRJD1997Lalu Prasad Yadav
32Rashtriya Lok DalRLD1998Chaudhary Ajit Singh
33Rashtriya Lok Samta PartyRLSP2013Upendra Kushwaha
34Samajwadi PartySP1992Akhilesh Yadav
35Shiv SenaSS1966Uddhav Thackeray
36Sikkim Democratic FrontSDF1993Pawan Kumar Chamling
37Telugu Desam PartyTDP1982N. Chandrababu Naidu
38United Democratic PartyUDP1972Metbah Lyngdoh
39YSR Congress PartyYSRCP2011Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy

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