The Chief justice of India heads the Supreme Court of India. He is the highest-ranked officer of the Indian federal judiciary. The Constitution of India provides unqualified powers to the President of India to designate and assign a chief justice on the advice and consent of the Parliament of India. The chief justice can be in his office till they come to the age of sixty-five or resign on their own or get retired or are indicted and accused or die.
List of chief justice of India since 1947 till date:
|Name||Year of birth and death||Tenure of office||Name of the court|
|H.J.Kania||1890-1951||26th January, 1950 to 6th November, 1951||Bombay High Court|
|M.PatanjaliSastri||1889-1963||7th November, 1951 to 3rd January, 1954||Madras High Court|
|Mehr Chand Mahajan||1889-1967||4th January, 1954 to 22nd December, 1954||Punjab and Haryana High Court|
|Bijan Kumar Mukherjea||1891-1956||23rd December, 1954 to 31st January, 1956||Calcutta High Court|
|SudhiRanjan Das||1894-1977||1st February, 1956 to 30th September, 1959||Calcutta High Court|
|Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha||1899-1986||1st October, 1959 to 31st January, 1964||Patna High Court|
|P.B. Gajendragadkar||1901-1981||1st February, 1964 to 15th March, 1966||Bombay High Court|
|Amal Kumar Sarkar||1901-2001||16th March, 1966 to 29th June, 1966||Calcutta High Court|
|KokaSubba Rao||1902-1976||30th June, 1966 to 11th April, 1967||Madras High Court|
|Kailas NathWanchoo||1903-1988||12th April, 1967 to 24th February, 1968||Allahabad High Court|
|Mohammad Hidayatullah||1905-1992||25th February, 1968 to 16th December, 1970||Bombay High Court|
|JayantilalChhotalal Shah||1906-1991||17th December, 1970 to 21st January, 1971||Bombay High Court|
|SarvMitraSikri||1908-1992||22nd January, 1971 to 25th April, 1973||Lahore High Court|
|A.N.Ray||1912-2009||29th January, 1977 to 21st February, 1978||Calcutta High Court|
|Mirza Hameedullah Beg||1913-1988||29th January, 1977 to 21st February, 1978||Allahabad High Court|
|Y.V.Chandrachud||1920-2008||22nd February, 1978 to 11th July, 1985||Bombay High Court|
|P.N. Bhagwati||1921-2017||12th July, 1985 to 20th December, 1986||Gujarat High Court|
|RaghunandanSwarup Pathak||1924-2007||21st December, 1986 to 18th June, 1989||Allahabad High Court|
|EngalaguppeSeetharamiahVenkataramiah||1924-1997||19th June, 1989 to 17th December, 1989||Karnataka High Court|
|SabyasachiMukharji||1927-1990||18th December, 1989 to 25th September, 1990||Calcutta High Court|
|RanganathMisra||1926-2012||26th September, 1990 to 24th November, 1991||Orissa High Court|
|Kamal Narain Singh||Birth-1926||25th November, 1991 to 12th December, 1991||Allahabad High Court|
|MadhukarHiralalKania||1927-2016||13th December, 1991 to 17th November, 1992||Bombay High Court|
|Lalit Mohan Sharma||1928-2008||18th November, 1992 to 11th February, 1993||Patna High Court|
|M.N. Venkatachaliah||Birth-1929||12th February, 1993 to 24th October, 1994||Karnataka High Court|
|Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi||Birth-1932||25th October, 1994 to 24th March, 1997||Gujarat High Court|
|J.S. Verma||1933-2013||25th March, 1997 to 17th January, 1998||Madhya Pradesh High Court|
|Madan Mohan Punchhi||1933-2015||18th January, 1998 to 9th October, 1998||Punjaband Haryana High Court|
|Adarsh Sein Anand||1936-2017||10th October, 1998 to 31st October, 2001||Jammu and Kashmir High Court|
|Sam PirojBharucha||Birth-1937||1st November, 2001 to 5th May, 2002||Bombay High Court|
|BhupinderNathKirpal||Birth-1937||6th May, 2002 to 7th November, 2002||Delhi High Court|
|Gopal BallavPattanaik||Birth-1937||8th November, 2002 to 18th December, 2002||Orissa High Court|
|V.N. Khare||Birth-1939||19th December, 2002 to 1st May, 2004||Allahabad High Court|
|S. RajendraBabu||Birth-1939||2nd May, 2004 to 31st May, 2004||Karnataka High Court|
|Ramesh Chandra Lahoti||Birth-1940||1st June, 2004 to 31st October, 2005||Madhya Pradesh High Court|
|Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal||1942-2015||1st November, 2005 to 13th January, 2007||Delhi High Court|
|K.G. Balakrishnan||Birth-1945||14th January, 2007 to 12th May, 2010||Kerela High Court|
|S.H. Kapadia||1947-2016||12th May, 2010 to 28th September, 2012||Bombay High Court|
|AltamasKabir||1948-2017||29th September, 2012 to 18th July, 2013||Calcutta High Court|
|P. Sathasivam||Birth-1949||19th July, 2013 to 26th April, 2014||Madras High Court|
|Rajendra Mal Lodha||Birth-1949||27th April, 2014 to 27th September, 2014||Rajasthan High Court|
|H.L. Dattu||Birth- 1950||28th September, 2014 to 2nd December, 2015||Karnataka High Court|
|T.S. Thakur||Birth-1952||3rd December, 2015 to 3rd January, 2017||Jammu and Kashmir High Court|
|Jagdish Singh Khehar||Birth-1952||4th January, 2017 to 27th August, 2017||Punjab and Haryana High Court|
|DipakMisra||Birth-1953||28th August, 2017 to 2nd October, 2018||Orissa High Court|
|RanjanGogoi||Birth-1954||3rd October, 2018 to 17th November, 2019||Gauhati High Court|
|Sharad Arvind Bobde||Birth-1956||18th November, 2019 till date||Bombay High Court|
Responsibilities and duties of the chief justice of India:
- The Chief justice of India is the head of the Judiciary and the Supreme Court, i.e. the highest court of India. It is the topmost throne that a judge of India can achieve.
- He bears authority over all the cases and hence allocates the constitutional benches to deal with significant issues of law.
- He heads the administrative functions of the Supreme Court.
- He allocates matters to other judges of the Supreme Court.
- He sustains the agenda.
- He appoints officials of the court.
- He is also accountable for carrying out the other general functions related to the supreme court.
Appointment of chief justice of India
- President appoints other judges of the Supreme Court on the consent of the Chief Justice of India.
- He takes over the authority of President of India in case the offices of both the President as well as the Vice-President are vacant.
- Article 124 of the Indian Constitution provides the method of appointment of judges to the Supreme Court.
- The President of India appoints the CJI after consultation with such judges of the Supreme Court and high courts whenever he finds necessary.
- The outgoing Chief Justice of India recommends the name of the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court to the President of India after which President appoints him as the chief justice.
Qualifications to become the chief justice of India
- He must be a citizen of India.
- He must have practiced as a Judge of a High Court for at least 5 years.
- He must have held the office of an Advocate of the High Court for at least 10 years.
- He must be a dignified jurist by the consent of the President.
- There is no age limit for his appointment.
Tenure of office of chief justice of India
- He holds the office until he gains the age of 65 years.
- Article 124(4) of the Indian Constitution relates to the procedure of his removal.
- He can be withdrawn only by the process of impeachment by the Parliament. There have been no impeachments of the judge of the Supreme Court has so far.
- He can also resign by writing the resignation letter to the President.
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