Significant differences between China and India are
- China stands second in military disbursing with military outlays summing up to 261 billion dollars. In contrast, India stands third with military expenditure summing up to 71.1 billion dollars.
- China aligns third in aircraft strength having 3,210 aircraft in collation to India which aligns fourth with 2,123 aircraft.
- India’s DRDO has been ushering tests of infuriate missiles like “Prithvi-1” which has a range of 150 kilometres and “Prithvi-2” having a limit of 250 kilometres.
- In 2020, China owned the largest agile military force in the world, bearing about 2.18 million agile troops. On the other hand, India along with the United States, North Korea, and Russia, orbited out the top five countries with the most massive actively participating military forces- according to “Statista”.
- Since 2008, China is done with military outlays summing up to 261 billion dollars. So, it ranks second in military expending. While India, on the other hand, ranks third in military spending, summing up to 71.1 billion dollars per the “Stockholm International Peace Research Institute”.
- China stands third in aircraft solidity according to “Global firepower”. It has about 3,210 aircraft in contrast to India which stands fourth, having about 2,123 aircraft.
- Predominantly, China owns two times the number of soldiers and interceptors than India. It also has 507 available airports in comparison to India, which has only 346 airports.
- China’s Panzer power stands at 3,200 plus while India’s stupendous 4,200 plus as per the “Global firepower”. But China’s ironclad fighting vehicles are at a sway of 33,000 while India blanches into trivial with just over 8,600.
- According to the current statistics, China meets ten times more rocket projectors at 2650 than India’s 266.
- China also bears a total of 777 naval assets compared to India having only 285 naval assets- with 74 submarines versus 16 granted by India. It also has 36 destroyers in comparison to India, which contributes only 11 of them.
- India’s DRDO bygone directed trials of ballistic missile “Prithvi-1” having a range of 150 kilometres and Prithvi-2 with 250 kilometres range. On the contrary, China has several ballistic missiles ranging from small-range missiles to Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs).
- China’s programs started earlier in the 50s with Russian aids while India’s plan is native- Dongfeng missiles at a military parade in Tiananmen Square.
Names of the Major Missiles
- India’s Agni-V is equivalent to its DF-26 ICBM which is also known as “Guam Killer”. The IRBM with a detailed range of 3,500 kilometres can cope up the significant US base in Guam in the western Pacific.
- DF-26 is a two-stage solid-fuel rocket IRBM measuring 14 meters long with a diameter of 1.4 meters and a launching weight of 20 tonnes.
- It has the potential of carrying a nuclear or conventional warhead of 1,200-1,800 kilograms weight and also has an approximate maximum range of more than 5,000 km.
Surya, Agni-5, Agni-6 and Dongfeng
- There is an intuition that India may be developing a 12,000 kilometres range missile – Surya.
- There is no confirmation from DRDO about it yet, but many are wagering that India is working on a long-range “ICBM” which can strike targets 12,000 kilometres away. Some even say that it is Agni-6 while others wager that it might be Surya. It is most probably a three-stage missile with the first stage borrowed from “ISRO’s PSLV”. If it is true, then it guarantees to send shivers down enemy’s spine.
- Dongfeng 3 or DF 3 is similar to that of “soviet R-14 Chusovaya missile”, ranging about 2,500 kilometres. But even this is retired from the service and is replaced by “DF 21”.
- Dongfeng 4 and 5 were also evolved whereas DF-31 will probably replace the previous and the final one has an improved version, “DF-5A” which can hold nuclear warheads over 12,000 kilometres.
- Mostly known missiles of the series are DF-21, DF-26 and DF-31.
- “Dongfeng” of China is a Lethal missile that can wrap up even the United States. It is a family of missiles which is established by China and consists of short, medium as well as intermediate-range and intercontinental ballistic missiles.
- Enhancement of Dongfeng missiles started in the 1950s with Soviet assistance after the agreement of Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance in 1950.
- “Dongfeng 1” and “Dongfeng 2” were the first two which was initiated in this missile family having ranges of 500 and 1,250 kilometres respectively. Both of them were in use in the 1960s but are not in operation anymore.
- Chinese authorities say that the missile can reach targets 8,000 kilometres away and the Indian government had intentionally downplayed the missile’s capability to avoid and cause concern to other countries.
- If the 8000 kilometres theory is correct, then India can quickly strike the whole of China even if the missile is launched from Southern India.
- One of the significant advantages of Agni missiles is that they all use solid fuel which significantly cuts off their launch time. If the rocket is attached to a mobile launcher, it takes minutes to launch it.
- Some of the Chinese missiles also use liquid propellants which takes time to launch as compared to solid-fuelled rockets because of the time required to fuel the rocket.
Agni-1, Agni-2 and Agni-4
- Agni missiles: they strike very far in Chinese territory.
- Agni series has five missiles with various striking abilities and ranges. “Agni 1” is a one-handed stage solid fuel missile having a range of about 1250 kilometres whereas “Agni 2” is an improvised form of Agni 1, is a two-stage missile which is capable of striking targets 2000 kilometres away. If a tactical location is selected to launch Agni 2, it can target western, central and southern China.
- “Agni 4” has a range of approx 4,000 kilometres. It can strike targets in the whole of China- including Beijing if they are launched from the northeast.
- All missiles in the Agni series are capable of holding nuclear warheads.
- On 19th April 2012, India broke out its entry into the Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) club after the successful test launch of its initial “Agni V” missile.
- From time to time, International defence experts and especially the Chinese have declared that India has understood the range of its global ballistic missile- Agni-5. India initially did not reveal the imposed range that the missile can beat. But later, DRDO gave a signal that it can reach 5,000 kilometres.
- “Wolf Warrior policy” of China finishes off. But the thing bothering the nation is- When two nuclear powers with relatively developed agile missile programs lock knobs over an affair that can probably curl-out into a military dispute- all consular options must be traversed to guarantee that peace persuades.
- India and China are elaborated in a standoff at Doklam, near Sikkim, for close to two months now. Both sides, despite being engaged in prates at different levels. They are also indulging in a fair bit of chest-thumping, which is not providing a good sign to the international community.
- China’s declaration is implying that military measures could be contemplated if India does not haul back its soldiers from Doklam. Doklam has backed out many people pondering whether India and China will move for war. It appears highly dubious as both nations have flourished leadership, but it wouldn’t do any injury to try and understand India and China’s ballistic missile potential.