India is a land of distinct cultures as well as physical features like rivers, seas, mountains, etc. It has ample of water bodies whose water finds many different types of uses for many various reasons such as irrigation, economic benefit, agriculture, Industrial etc. There are two categories of river systems in India: Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. Majority of the rivers flow Eastwards and drain into the Bay of Bengal.
The list of Longest Rivers of India (in ascending order)
Name of the River
|Length. (in kilometres)||Origin or Source Of River||Tributaries left to the River|
Tributaries right to the River
|Tapi||724||Satpura range||Rivers- Purna, Girna, Gomai.||Panzera, Pedhi, Arna.|
|Cauvery||800||Brahmagiri Range, Talakaveri||Harangi Reservoir, Hermavati, Shimsha, Arkavathy.||Lakshmana Tirtha, Kabini, Bhavani River, Noyyal, Amaravati River, Moyar River.|
|Mahanadi||851||Raipur district, Chhattisgarh||Seonath, Mand, Ib, Hasdeo.||Ong, Parry River, Jonk, Telen.|
|Narmada||1312||Near Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh||Rivers- Burhner, Banjar, Sher, Shakkar, Dudhi, Tawa, Ganjal, Chhota Tawa, Kaveri, Kundi, Goi, Karjan.||Rivers- Hiran, Tendoni, Choral, Kolar, Man, Uri, Hatni, Orsang.|
|Yamuna||1376||Yamunotri Glacier, Banderpoonch, Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand||Rivers- Hindon, Sharda, Giri, Rishiganga, Hanuman Ganga, Sasur Khaderi.||Rivers- Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Sindh, Tons.|
|Krishna||1400||Mahabaleswar, Western Ghats, Arabian Sea||Rivers- Bhima, Dindi, Peddavagu, Musi, Paleru, Munneru.||Rivers- Venna, Koyna, Panchganga, Dudhaganga, Ghataprabha, Malaprabha, Tungabhadra.|
|Godavari||1465||Near Nasik, Maharashtra||Rivers- Banganga, Kadva, Shivana, Purna, Kadam, Pranahita, Indravati, Taliperu, Sabari.||Rivers- Nasardi, Darna, Pravara, Sindphana, Manjira, Manair, Kinnerasani.|
|Ganga||2525||Gangotri||Ramganga, Garra, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandak, Burhi, Gandak Koshi, Mahananda.||Rivers- Yamuna, Tamsa, Son, Punpun, Klul, Karamnasa, Chandan.|
|Brahmaputra||2900||Kailash Ranges, Himalaya||Rivers- Dibang, Lohit, Dhansiri, Kolong.||Rivers- Kameng, Manas, Beki, Raidak, Jaldhaka, Teesta, Subansiri.|
|Indus||2900||Kailash Range, Tibet, near Lake Manasarovar||Rivers- Zanskar, Suru, Soan, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, Panjnad, Ghaggar-Hakra and Luni.||Rivers- Shyok, Hunza, Gilgit, Swat, Kunar, Kabul, Kurram, Gomal, Zhob.|
Discharge location of All the Rivers
- Tapi: Gulf Of Khambhat (Arabian Sea)
- Cauvery: Grand Anicut (South)
- Mahanadi: Bay of Bengal
- Narmada: Arabian Sea
- Yamuna: Bay of Bengal
- Krishna: Bay of Bengal
- Godavari: Bay of Bengal
- Ganga: Bay of Bengal
- Brahmaputra: Bay of Bengal
- Indus: Arabian Sea
Rivers provide to be useful for animals and plants also, besides human beings. These robust water bodies play a significant role in the economic development of India. Himalayan Rivers are perpetual while rain gauge feeds the Peninsular Rivers.
Among all the other rivers, Ganga is the most sacred river according to Hindu beliefs. Brahmaputra & Indus are the largest rivers in India with a length spanning 2900km. The Yamuna is also known as “Jamuna”. Narmada river is one of the holiest water bodies in India because it is related to Epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. Indus is known for getting its name from one of the oldest thriving civilisation, i.e. Indus Valley Civilisation.
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